Anti Bullying Policy
Anti- Bullying Policy Statement.
The aim of the Caterham School anti-bullying policy is to prevent bullying of any sort and to ensure that everyone can operate in a supportive, caring and safe environment without fear of being bullied. All members of the community, including Trustees, teaching and non-teaching staff, pupils and parents should have an understanding of what bullying is and be familiar with the School policy on bullying: therefore the aim of the policy is to help members of the school community to deal with bullying when it occurs and, even more importantly, to prevent it. Bullying is an anti-social behaviour which affects everyone; it is unacceptable and it will not be tolerated. Everyone in the community has a responsibility to report any incident of bullying that comes to their attention and these reports will always be taken seriously.
This policy is available on both school websites, and electronic shared staff area and by request from either the Deputy Head or the Head of the Preparatory School.
This policy should be read in conjunction with the school's policies on Equal Opportunities, Behaviour, Exclusion Expulsion, Removal and Review, our PSHCE schemes of work and Spiritual, Moral, Social and Cultural development of pupils.
This anti-bullying document is also compliant with the National Minimum Standards for Boarding School (2013), Standard 12: Promoting Positive Behaviour and Relationships and the Single Equality Act, 2010. The policy has regard through significant requirements to the relevant legislation and current DfE Guidance – Preventing and Tackling Bullying: Advice for School Leaders, Staff and Governing Bodies (July 2011).
Definition of Bullying.
Bullying may be defined as any deliberately hurtful behaviour, usually repeated over a period of time and intentionally hurts another pupil or group physically or emotionally, where it is difficult for those being bullied to defend themselves, and is often motivated by prejudice. Examples of unacceptable behaviour include,
- Physical (including sexual) assault.
- verbal abuse, by name calling, teasing or making offensive remarks.
- cyber-bullying, which is defined as the use of ICT by an individual or group in a way that is intended to upset others. Examples include using social websites, mobile phones, text messaging, photographs, video and e-mail.
- indirect emotional tormenting by excluding from social groups or spreading malicious rumours.
Bullying may involve complicity that falls short of direct participation by, for instance, manipulating a third party to tease or torment someone. It may be overt and intimidatory but is often hidden and subtle. It includes actions or comments that are racist, religious or cultural, homophobic, transphobic, sexist, sexual or which focus on disabilities or other physical attributes (such as hair colour or body shape) or any reference to Special Educational Needs.
The seriousness of bullying cannot be emphasised enough. Bullying is among the top concerns that parents have about their children's safety and well-being at and on the way to and from school. Bullying is also a top concern of children and young people themselves. Bullying makes the lives of its victims a misery: it undermines their confidence and self esteem; and destroys their sense of security and can be psychologically damaging. Bullying impacts on its victims' attendance and attainment at school, marginalises those groups who may be particular targets for bullies and can have a life-long negative impact on some young people's lives. At worst, bullying has been a factor in pupil suicide.
It is acknowledged that bullies may have complex reasons for their behaviour and may well need help. It should also be recognised that the consequences of being allowed to 'get away with it' can be detrimental to them as well as to their victim. All pupils deserve the opportunity to be helper to understand what acceptable behaviour is. Pupils are educated through PSHE, assemblies, and drama to raise awareness, with discussions of differences between people and the importance of avoiding prejudice. There are criminal laws that apply to harassment, assault and threatening behaviour. If staff feel that an offence may have been committed they should seek assistance from the police.
(From this point the term 'Deputy Head' refers to the Deputy Heads of both the Senior School and the Preparatory School.)
What to look for
Pupils who are being bullied may show changes in behaviour, such as becoming shy and nervous, feigning illness, taking unusual absences or clinging to adults. There may be evidence of changes in work patterns, lacking concentration or truanting from school.
Members of staff and all members of the community must be alert to the signs of bullying; legal responsibilities are known and community members should act promptly and firmly against it, in accordance with School policy. Surveys have shown that in the vast majority of bullying incidents, MOST people knew that what was going on was wrong. Sometimes people, either through lethargy, peer group pressure, or tacit support for what is going on, fail to take action.
What to do
The way to stamp out bullying is for people to be aware of the issues involved, and to be clear in their own minds what action to take should cases arise:
If you are the victim
1. If you feel able to, confront the bully by verbally making him/her aware that you think that what he/she is doing is wrong.
2. Share your feelings with someone else.
3. If possible talk to a member of Staff, your Tutor, your Head of Year or the Chaplain about the incident. Boarders may prefer to talk to their Head of House or a Matron. Preparatory School pupils may have a particular teacher they feel most comfortable talking to. If you would rather not go straight to a member of staff, talk to your friends; talk to Senior pupils in your House, a mentor or one of the Prefects; the School Counsellor or any trusted adult. They may well be able to advise on an appropriate course of action, or will be able to involve other people who can. There are also people outside the School who would be willing to help.
Childline: 0800 1111
The School Counsellor may be contacted by e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Procedure if a pupil should witnesses bullying behaviour
1. Support the victim by offering your friendship and make it clear that in your opinion what is happening to them is wrong.
2. Encourage them to speak out on their own behalf by confronting the bully, or with their permission, confront the bully yourself.
3. Accompany the victim to a trusted adult, or suggest that you see their Head of Year or Tutor on their behalf.
Procedure for members of Staff should you witness an incident of bullying or it is reported to you
1. Reassure and support the pupils involved.
2. Advise them that you are required to pass details on to the relevant member of the pastoral team. (Form Tutor, Head of Year, Head of Boarding House, Deputy Head).
3. Inform an appropriate member of the pastoral team as soon as possible. In the case of incidents involving boarders; Tutor, Head of Year, Head of Boarding House and Head of Boarding should all be informed. Heads of Year must record all incidents of reported bullying and ensure that the Deputy Head is informed. The Deputy Head will keep a central log of all complaints or incidences of bullying and record the way in which they were dealt.
What will happen?
The victim will be interviewed by their Form Tutor or Head of Year, on their own, and asked to write an immediate account of events. The process for dealing with bullying will be explained clearly to them. The victim is also given the opportunity to discuss his own reactions and behaviour towards the bully. The victim is given support and advice and counselling is suggested if deemed appropriate.
Once the tutor and Head of Year are clear that a bullying offence has been committed, the bully and any others involved will be interviewed individually and asked to write an immediate account of events. The process for dealing with bullying will be explained clearly to them.
Details of the incident will be recorded on all the pupils' files. The Deputy Head is copied in so that it can be recorded as a bullying incident. The pastoral team will decide on an appropriate course of action. In the first instance the tutor or Head of Year will interview the pupil or pupils whose behaviour has caused distress and give him/them a formal bullying warning; making it clear that any further incident (or discussion about the current incident) would be considered to be further bullying. It will be made clear why the behaviour was inappropriate and unacceptable. Support and counselling will be offered. A suitable punishment will also be given.
If the Head of Year decides it is appropriate, or it is a pupil's second offence, the Deputy Head will become involved and the parents of the perpetrator/s will be informed by letter or telephone. The following sanctions may be applied in accordance with the School behavioural policy.
- Formal School Warning from the Deputy Head. The Deputy Head will speak to the pupils involved and will contact the parents or guardians giving details of the offence and inviting them in to School to discuss the matter and to be present when their child is given a Formal School Warning. Their support for the School's actions should be enlisted if possible.
- Suspension at the Headmaster's discretion (see the School's Discipline and Exclusion Policy).
- Exclusion at the Headmaster's discretion (see the School's Discipline and Exclusion Policy).
These are minimum sanctions. In very serious cases it may be necessary to make a report to the Police or Social Services. However, it is the policy of the School to attempt to resolve such issues internally using our own disciplinary sanctions, unless the matter is of such gravity that a criminal prosecution is likely.
The School will raise awareness of the staff through training and take action to reduce the risk of bullying at the times and places where it is most likely to occur. The key points from this policy will be prominently displayed on School notice boards and will be discussed with pupils during Tutor led CP sessions. Anti-bullying will feature as a discussion point for Student committees and feedback will be taken to School Council. It will also be revisited as necessary during RPSE sessions to all years and reinforced in other areas of the curriculum as the opportunities present themselves e.g. drama, physical education. Opportunities will also be sought to allow parents to contribute to the School's actions to prevent bullying.
Annual pupil surveys will be used to facilitate an understanding of the level and type of bullying that pupils might have experienced.
Incidents of reported bullying will be followed up by Tutors, including those in the EYFS setting and Heads of Year/House, to monitor that the problem has been resolved. The record of bullying offences will be reviewed by the Deputy Head and the Pastoral teams regularly at Heads of Year meetings to watch for patterns and check that the policy is effective.
We are absolutely confident that the vast majority of Caterhamians will agree with our sentiments on Bullying. It is our intention to identify and take action against those who do not.
DCSF Safe to Learn, Embedding anti-bullying work in schools.
National Minimum Standards for Boarding School (2013)
DfE Guidance – Preventing and Tackling Bullying: Advice for School Leaders, Staff and Governing Bodies (July 2011)
Revised January 2013, Tracy Kirnig and Emma Neville